Ketamine, an anesthetic used primarily in the treatment of epilepsy, has become the rave of the medical world. Ketamine has been shown to relieve seizures and to control depression and anxiety; however, it can cause side effects including confusion and breathing problems. Ketamine is administered intramuscularly, usually under anesthesia, and can be administered in doses of up to 0.3 mcg. More tips here California Center for Ketamine Therapy
Ketamine, which originally was only used as a local anesthetic, has grown increasingly popular as an antidepressant. Anecdotal evidence supports the use of ketamine therapy for the treatment of major depression; however, there is no supporting medical evidence that it helps patients with PTSD (psychotic panic disorder) anxiety symptoms. Ketamine can be administered as an intravenous injection or as a nasal spray. A combination of both methods can be used in combination to enhance the therapeutic effect.
An extended range of psychiatric illnesses requires additional medications. Several of these medications, including SSRIs (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors) have been approved by the FDA for use in clinical trials as antidepressants. However, SSRIs have some of the serious side effects associated with them such as dizziness, impotence, and nausea. Serious adverse reactions to ketamine therapy for anxiety may include hallucinations, seizures, coma, or death. In some cases, medical treatments are not effective because the body’s immune system may be overly sensitive to the strong concentration of ketamine or other medications.
Doctors prescribe ketamine therapy for patients with mild to moderate depression symptoms. These patients may not require drug therapy, but they do require support in their efforts to achieve “out of the blue” states. These patients often require multiple injections of ketamine to achieve their desired relief. Patients are usually placed on an intermittent schedule to achieve the best results, usually every three weeks to six months.
During the procedure, doctors carefully monitor vital signs of the patient and respiratory and heart functions while providing ketamine therapy. The procedure is performed under the supervision of anesthesiologists or neurosurgeons. Prior to administering the anesthesia, the doctor makes certain that all safety precautions have been met, including adequate ventilation and monitoring of the patient. Once the patient is unconscious, he/she will be admitted to the hospital’s Anesthesia Unit. An anesthesiologist or neurosurgeon will then decide if, in their opinion, ketamine therapy is appropriate for the patient.
Typically, patients receive one single IV dose of ketamine therapy. This dose may be split into two separate doses if one wants additional results such as pain relief, increased mental clarity or a reduction in seizures. The amount of each individual dose is determined by the medical condition of the patient and is administered via a disposable plastic tube inserted into the vein. One of the most commonly used methods of delivering the drug is by using a nasal cannula, a small, hollow tube similar to a hypodermic needle that has the same blood pressure limiting effect as a normal needle. However, since the cannula is only effective when it is inserted into the vein, this route of delivery can cause side effects such as nausea and painful coughing.
In recent years, the treatment-resistant depression population has grown dramatically, making it imperative that researchers find new and safer ways to deliver these medications. One such way is through a medical delivery system such as inhalable and injection systems. Ketamine is one of the most promising drugs in this class because it is highly effective at achieving rapid antidepressant effects, even at very low doses. Also, since the administration of ketamine therapy requires only a tiny puncture of the nasal mucosa, there are no potential side effects such as blood clots or infection.
With ketamine therapy for anxiety and ptsd, doctors are able to bring relief for their patients quickly and safely. However, patients should always be vigilant about monitoring their symptoms closely and seeing their doctors regularly. New drugs are continually being tested in clinical trials to determine whether they have any serious side effects and how they work in the body. If you or a loved one are suffering from anxiety and ptsd, there is a high chance that your doctor will suggest trying this or that new treatment. Whatever your choice, always remember that it is ultimately your responsibility to make sure that your doctor has every reason to believe that your disorder is being managed correctly.